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Author Guidelines

Aims and scopes

The Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine is the official scientific publication of the Medical Ethics and History of Medicine of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Physicians and health practitioners always deal with ethical issues in treatment and management of diseases. The advent of new biomedical technologies further complicated the moral and societal issues of medical research and practice. Religious and cultural differences more emphasize the need for nationalizing this knowledge. The Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine (J Med Ethics Hist Med) is an opportunity for healthcare professionals as well as theologians, philosophers, and sociologists to present and discuss their ideas from several aspects in relation to medical ethics and bioethics. In addition this Journal traces its roots to several aspects of History of Medicine which further emphasizes on Iranian and Islamic era.

The J Med Ethics Hist Med, is a peer reviewed Journal, which provides an opportunity for scientists and researchers of this area. The papers should be coordinated with the title of Journal framework for publication. It is essential to consider the originality of the papers and the contents have not been nor will be published elsewhere in any form or language. Author(s) are responsible for the whole concept and recommendations. All manuscripts should be submitted via or by email to

Five types of articles could be published in this Journal including:

Commentary: For discussing about a special subject. No need for abstract. General comments concerning a specific development in medical ethics should be presented as letter which its length as about 1000-2500 words including references.

Original article: For presenting the results of a research project. Its length should be about 3000-4000 words.

Review article: For reviewing the last ideas and hypothesis in a special subject. Its length should be about 3000-4500 words.

Case report: For presenting the rare cases. Its length should be about 1000-2500 words.

Letter to the Editor: For discussing about a published article in this Journal. Its length should be about 500-1500 words.

Really good stuff: This type of article represents a short report about an innovation in the field of medical ethics especially medical ethics education. The article should have no table and figure with limited number of references, organized into three sections including what problem was addressed? What was tried? What lessons were learned? Its length should be no more than 500 words.


General information

J Med Ethics and History of Medicine is an English open access online journal. The Editors reserve the right to make editorial and literary corrections. Any expressed opinion or advocated policy does not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of the editors. Papers should be prepared as a word document (font: Arial; size: 12; line spacing: double) and set out as follows, with each section beginning on a separate sheet:

Title page, abstract, text, acknowledgements, references, tables, and illustrations.


 Authors are requested to submit their manuscript online via All correspondence, including notification of the Editor’s decision and requests for revisions, will be managed via this system. Corresponding author should sign the copyright and publication agreement form before publication. Written permission is needed to reproduce published material (illustrations and tables) from the original publishers and authors. Accepted papers will be rapidly published online. All authors are requested to upload the cover letter and the copyright form and after completing and signing, attach to their submission. The ethical clearance is required for original papers.

The title page should contain title of article; complete names of authors with the highest academic degree(s); affiliations (the name of department (if any), institution, city, and state or country where the work was done); and corresponding author address (the name, address, email Address, fax number, and telephone number. Avoid using abbreviations in the title.

The abstract should contain details of the topic and the most important supporting evidences and implications. Great care should be taken to provide an informative abstract which summarizes the main argument of the paper. The abstract may not exceed 250 words in length.


Each abstract has to contain three to five keywords according to the MeSH (Medical Subjects Headings).

The authors of descriptive papers are allowed to subdivide their paper to different sections including introduction, materials/patients and methods, results, discussion and conclusion; whereas the authors of analytical and theoretical papers should present their manuscript including introduction, results, and discussion parts to enhance the reader’s comprehension but the length of paper should not be more than 20 pages of double spaced 12 font type including tables, illustrations and references.. The word limit is 3000-4000 words.

The material and methods section have to include the data collection method. The ethical clearance should be mentioned in this part. If the paper is based on a questionnaire or checklist, it should be mentioned. In the case of standard questionnaires, mentioning the reference and the characteristics is adequate. Each section (sampling, study design, methods, ethical considerations, analytical methods) has to contain enough details.

The results printed in the tables should not be reinserted in the main body of the paper, unless it is outstandingly important.

In the discussion section, the results have to be discussed and compared with the similar studies’ results.

Authors should disclose information on financial conflicts of interest or other interests that may influence the manuscript.

Conflict of interest

Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be aware of it.


Only relevant references should be cited. The accuracy of references is the responsibility of the author. References should be numbered consecutively in order in which they are mentioned by Arabic numerals in parentheses in the text in the Vancouver style of reference lists (Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( The references should be listed in numerical order on a separate sheet in double spacing. References to Journals should include the authors’ names and initials, full title of paper, abbreviated Journal title on the basis of Index Medicus abbreviations, year of publication, volume number, and page numbers. References to books should include the authors’ names and initials, full title of book, publication number, publication’s name, place of publication, year of publication, and page numbers. Internet references should include authors’ name, title, web address, date of publication (if known), and the date on which the website was accessed. If the name of the author/authors has not been mentioned in the reference, please consider using “Anonymous” at the beginning. If the original reference is in Persian and it was published without English abstract please refer to its title in Pinglish in brackets; but if it was published with English abstract please indicate the reference using the English title (please do not translate the Persian title) and at the end mention the language of the full text as [in Persian].

Authors are encouraged to consider the latest papers published in J Med Ethics and History of Medicine Ideas for the general format of presentation. Examples are as follows:

Larijani B, Zahedi F. Ethical and religious aspects of gamete and embryo donation and legislation inIran. J Relig Health 2007; 46(3): 399-408.

Bagheri A. Medical ethics priorities in Iran: a National Survey. Iran J Med Hist Ethics 2010; 4(5): 39-48. [in Persian]

Shojaee Zand A. [Tarife Din]. Andishe Dini 1388; 9(30): 1-26. [in Persian]


Armitage P, Berry G, Matthews JNS. Statistical Methods in Medical Research.Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing; 2002.

Chapter of a book:
Zunin ID. Eastern origins of integrative medicine and modern applications. In: Pizzorno JE,MurratMT, eds. Textbook of Natural Medicine.St. Louis: Churchill Livingstone; 2006, pp. 3-11.


Surname, Name. The subject of the thesis. Town or City. University; Year.

Abstract books:

Wikler D. Population-Level Bioethics: A Research Agenda. Abstract Book of the 2nd Congress of Medical Ethics inIran.TehranUniversity of Medical Scineces; 2008.

Web pages:

Tajbakhsh H. Medical Ethics in the Life and Works of the Great Iranian Scholars, the Experiences and Challenges of Sciences and Ethics: Proceeding of an American Iranian Workshop.     0&page==86 (accessed on: 2003)


Figures and Tables
Authors are allowed to indicate their new hypotheses or ideas by providing diagrams, schemes, tables, or figures. Tables, diagrams, schemes, and figures are better to be in Word. Images should be in jpeg format.

Proof Reading

In order to avoid any mistakes, the corresponding author will receive a computer print out for proof reading before publication. All corrections should be marked clearly and sent immediately to the Journal office.

Ethics and informed consent

 The relevant ethics committee/ institution review boards of the respective institutions must approve the study. All original articles representing human studies have to attach the ethical clearance and informed consent.

Conflict of interest

Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we would like to be aware of it.

Cover letter

All authors must read, approve and sign the cover letter; while the corresponding author takes on the responsibility of contacting.

Copyright form

Copyright form will be sent to the corresponding author and should be returned with the least possible delay.

Author’s declaration

Authors should state that their material is original and not previously published/submitted.

Peer review process

All manuscripts will be acknowledged upon submission to the Journal’s website, all mentioned requirements are assessed. The manuscript is sent to two or more reviewers. The whole review process depends on receiving referees’ comments and revising the manuscripts based on these comments to the author. The revised article is re-evaluated by two or more reviewers, mostly by the first reviewers. After final approving by those reviewers and the editor- in- chief, the letter of acceptance is issued to the author.

Disposal of material

Once published all copies of the manuscript and correspondence will be held for 6 months before disposal.


We eagerly ask you to highlight the revisions made in the manuscript according to the reviewers’ comments. Also please provide a cover letter in response to the every comment of the reviewer point by point. Please note that without those files your manuscript can not be processed.





Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. The copyright form & Cover Letter  is signed and will be uploaded during the submission process as a supplementary file.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.