Medical students' knowledge and attitudes toward history of medicine
Attention to the history of medicine (HM) has been increasing enormously among the scientific community. History of Culture and Civilization of Iran and Islam (HCCII) is taught in medical schools as a required course. However, data on medical students' level of knowledge and attitude about HM is limited.
This is a cross-sectional survey conducted between 2016 and 2017. A multi-stage random cluster sampling was done in which 230 medical students were asked to fill a standardized self-administered questionnaire. Univariate statistical tests and ordinary multivariable linear regression were applied.
Medical students' knowledge level was 50.8%, which is considered fair and weak. Interestingly, the knowledge score of those who attended only in HCCII course did not differ significantly from those who did not attend this course (P = 0.163). The results showed that knowledge scores were considerably greater in those who participated in related volunteer workshops than those who did not (P = 0.0001). The mean score of attitude toward HM was significantly higher in female subjects than male subjects (P = 0.028). Moreover, data indicated that attendance at the HCCII course and workshops was not associated with improvement in attitude.
According to the outcomes, the authors recommend revising the content, teaching method and structure of the HCCII course curriculum.
Pearson D, Gove S, Lancaster J. History of medicine. Health Information and Libraries Journal. 2001; 18(3): 135-6.
Waller J. Lessons from the history of medicine. J Invest Surg. 2008; 21(2): 53-6.
Bynum WF, Porter R. Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine. New York: Routledge; 1997.
Fridenberg P. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. Archives of Ophthalmology. 1946; 36(3): 371-2.
Nayernouri T, Azizi MH. History of medicine in Iran the oldest known medical treatise in the Persian language. Middle East J Dig Dis. 2011; 3(1): 74-8.
Zargaran A. Ancient Persian medical views on the heart and blood in the Sassanid era (224–637 AD). Int J Cardiol. 2014; 172(2): 307-12.
Paterson GR, Neilson JB, Roland CG. History of medicine. Can Med Assos J. 1982; 127(10): 948.
Cox C. Discursive essay: a better known territory? medical history and Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy Section C: Archaeology, Celtic Studies, History, Linguistics, Literature; Dublin, Ireland; Royal Irish Academy; 2013; 113(-1): 341-62.
Arnott R. The university of Birmingham medical school and the history of medicine. Medical Humanities. 2002; 28(1): 33-4.
Hackler C. University of Arkansas college of medicine, division of medical humanities. Academic Medicine. October 2003; 78(10): 1059.
Shafer A. Stanford university school of medicine, arts and humanities medical scholars program. Academic Medicine. 2003; 78(10): 1059-60.
Anonymous. Medical school university of Minnesota curriculum. [cited 2020 August]; available from: http://www.med.umn.edu/admissions/curriculum/years-1-and-2/
Shedlock J, Sims RH, Kubilius RK. Promoting and teaching the history of medicine in a medical school curriculum. J Med Libr Assoc. 2012;100(2):138-41.
Rosenbaum CC. The history of complementary and alternative medicine in the US. Ann Pharmacother. 2007; 41(7-8):1256-60.
Ameade EPK, Amalba A, Helegbe GK, Mohammed BS. Medical students' knowledge and attitude toward complementary and alternative medicine–a survey in Ghana. J Tradit Complement Med. 2015; 6(3): 230-6.
Akan H, Izbirak G, Kaspar EÇ, et al. Knowledge and attitudes toward complementary and alternative medicine among medical students in Turkey. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2012; 12(1): 115.
Dastgheib L, Farahangiz S, Adelpour Z, Salehi A. The prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine use among dermatology outpatients in Shiraz, Iran. Iran J Med Sci. 2016 May; 41(3 Suppl): S70.
Armocida E, Aldini NN. Teaching and learning the history of medicine in the university: some considerations after the students' final exams. Medicina Historica. 2018; 2(1): 41-8.
Darby JA. The effects of the elective or required status of courses on student evaluations. Journal of Vocational Education and Training. 2006; 58(1): 19-29.
Sokol DK. Perspective: should we amputate medical history? Academic Medicine. 2008; 83(12): 1162-4.
Bârsu C. History of Medicine between tradition and modernity. Clujul Medical. 2017; 90(2): 243
Osborne J, Simon S, Collins S. Attitudes toward science: a review of the literature and its implications. International Journal of Science Education. 2003; 25(9): 1049-79.
Donohue SK, Richards LG. Factors affecting student attitudes toward active learning activities in a graduate engineering statistics course. Proceedings of 39th IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference; San Antonio, Texas, USA; American Society for Engineering Education; 2009, p. 1-6.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.