Breaking Bad News Protocol for Cancer Disclosure: An Iranian Version

  • Parvaneh Abazari Assistant Professor, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Fariba Taleghani Professor, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Simin Hematti Associate Professor, Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • Azadeh Malekian Researcher, Psychosomatic Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • fariborz Mokarian Assistant Professor, Cancer Prevention Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
  • Sayyed Mohammad Reza Hakimian Cancer Prevention Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
  • Maryam Ehsani Assistant Professor, Nursing Department, Islamic Azad University Complex, Tonekabon, Iran
Keywords: Bad News, Protocol, Cancer Disclosure


In Iran, as in many Asian and Middle Eastern countries, a significant proportion of cancer patients are never informed of their illness. One of the proposed solutions to tackle this challenge is to develop a localized protocol based on the culture and values of community members about cancer and the truth-telling phenomenon, and training of health care team members to disclose the bad news using this protocol. In the same vein, this study also introduced a localized protocol for disclosure of bad news to cancer patients, resulting from a larger mixed study (qualitative-quantitative). The implementation of the present protocol demands a team work and its stages are as follows: assessment, planning, preparation, disclosure, support and conclusion.


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How to Cite
Abazari P, Taleghani F, Hematti S, Malekian A, Mokarian fariborz, Hakimian SMR, Ehsani M. Breaking Bad News Protocol for Cancer Disclosure: An Iranian Version. jmehm. 10.
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