Psychometric properties of Persian version of the research misconduct questionnaire (PRMQ)

  • Erfan Shamsoddin ORCID Research Assistant, National Institute for Medical Research Development (NIMAD), Tehran, Iran.
  • Leila Janani ORCID Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Kiandokht Ghamari ORCID Research Assistant, National Institute for Medical Research Development (NIMAD), Tehran, Iran.
  • Payam Kabiri ORCID Senior Research Fellow, Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Ehsan Shamsi Gooshki ORCID Assistant Professor, Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Medical Ethics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Bita Mesgarpour ORCID Mail Assistant Professor, National Institute for Medical Research Development (NIMAD), Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Biomedical research; Psychometrics; Scientific misconduct; Research misconduct; Surveys; Questionnaires; Translation.

Abstract

Assessment of scientific misconduct is considered to be an increasingly important topic in medical sciences. Providing a definition for scientific research misconduct and proposing practical methods for evaluating and measuring it in various fields of medicine discipline are required. This study aimed at assessing the psychometric properties of Scientific Research Misconduct-Revised (SMQ-R) and Publication Pressure Questionnaires (PPQ). After translation and merging of these two questionnaires, the validity of the translated draft was evaluated by 11-member expert panel using Content Validity Index (CVI) and Content Validity Ratio (CVR). Reliability of the final questionnaire, completed by 100 participants randomly chosen from medical academic members, was assessed by calculating Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. The final version was named Persian Research Misconduct Questionnaire (PRMQ) and consisted of 63 question items. The item-level content validity indices of 61 questions were above 0.79, and reliability assessment showed that 6 out of 7 subscales had alpha values higher than 0.6. Hence, PRMQ can be considered an acceptable, valid and reliable tool to measure research misconduct in biomedical sciences researches in Iran.

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Published
2020-11-10
How to Cite
1.
Shamsoddin E, Janani L, Ghamari K, Kabiri P, Shamsi Gooshki E, Mesgarpour B. Psychometric properties of Persian version of the research misconduct questionnaire (PRMQ). J Med Ethics Hist Med. 13.
Section
Original Article(s)