Professionalism among medical residents in a young second-level university in Iran: a cross-sectional study

  • Elaheh Mianehsaz ORCID Mail Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
  • Seyed Mohammadreza Tabatabaee ORCID Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
  • Mohammad Reza Sharif ORCID Professor, Infectious Diseases Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
  • Hamid Reza Gilasi ORCID Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Faculty of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
  • Hamid Reza Shojaee ORCID Researcher, Student Research Committee, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
  • Behzad Nejad Tabrizi ORCID Researcher, Student Research Committee, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
Keywords:
Professionalism; Residency; Surveys; Questionnaires; Iran

Abstract

Professionalism is a set of behaviors that build trust in physicians’ relationships with patients and the public. The aim of this study was to assess professionalism among residents in Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
This cross-sectional study was conducted on 139 residents recruited through the census method. Data were collected using the American Board of Internal Medicine Professionalism Questionnaire. The first part of the questionnaire was on residents’ personal characteristics, and the second part contained fifteen items in the three domains of professionalism, namely excellence, honor/integrity, and altruism/respect. The mean scores of the questionnaire and its domains were calculated and their relationships with residents’ personal characteristics were evaluated.
The mean scores (± SD) of professionalism and its excellence, honor/integrity, and altruism/respect domains were 4.93 ± 2.4, 5.92 ± 1.85, 4.94 ± 3.39, and 4.35 ± 3.27, respectively (in a range of 0 -10). Professionalism had significant relationships only with residents’ specialty and gender.
The level of professionalism in residents was low, which requires the attention of educational authorities. Moreover, the mean score of professionalism among residents in surgical specialties was significantly lower than non-surgical specialties. Various factors can be considered in this regard and it cannot be concluded that the lower score means worse professional behavior.

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Published
2020-02-23
How to Cite
1.
Mianehsaz E, Tabatabaee SM, Sharif MR, Gilasi HR, Shojaee HR, Nejad Tabrizi B. Professionalism among medical residents in a young second-level university in Iran: a cross-sectional study. J Med Ethics Hist Med. 13.
Section
Original Article(s)