Perception of consent among dental professionals
Background: Informed Consent concept has been recognized in all patient care fields. The contents and wordings of the informed consent are still being debated and experimented. Dental care services have considered the role of informed consent since 1980's, after some legal claims of malpractices.
Methodology: A cross-sectional analytic study was undertaken involving 375 senior dental students and fresh graduates in their house job. A self-administered questionnaire explored their knowledge, attitude and practices regarding the need and importance of informed consent in dental services. The study instrument was designed keeping in view the content of courses in dental education and international standards. The questionnaire was pre-tested on a small group for assessing the suitability and validity of the responses.
Results: The data was entered in SPSS version 16 and cross-tabulated through it. Most of the respondents (87%) were aware of the concept of informed consent, 6.9% considered it unnecessary and 21.9% were not practicing it. Invasiveness of dental procedure was found to be directly related to the need of including informed consent. Major justification for presence of informed consent was to protect the dentist from any legal proceedings.
Conclusion: Dental professionals were aware about the informed consent as a step, but were unaware about its precise significance, content application and practice.
Seldin LW. Informed consent. The patient’s rights. Dent Today 2003; 22(12): 86-8.
Katz RV, Kegeles SS, Kressin NR, et al. The Tuskegee legacy project: willingness of minorities to participate in biomedical research. J Health Care Poor Underserved 2006; 17(4): 698–715.
Anonymous. American Dental Association. Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct. http://www.ada.org/prof/prac/law/code/index.asp (accessed on Dec 2004)
Hiroyo K, Chuya K, Shohei S, Izumi H, Hidenori Y, Tooru S. A consciousness survey on “informed consent” in students from 3 private dental colleges. Jpn J Dent Pract Adm 2000; 35(2): 142-50.
Reddy KSN. The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 23rd ed. Hyderabad: K. Suguna Devi; 2005, p 40-1.
Mohamed Tahir MA, Mason C, Hind V. Informed consent: optimism versus reality. Br Dent J 2002; 193(4): 221-4.
Sharp HM, Kuthy RA. What do dental students learn in an ethics course? An analysis of student- reported learning outcomes. J Dent Educ 2008; 72(12): 1450-7.
Orr DL 2nd, Curtis WJ. Obtaining written informed consent for the administration of local anesthetic in dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc 2005; 136(11): 1568-71.
Rai B. Informed consent for local anesthesia. Internet J Law Health Care Ethics 2007; 4: 2.
|Issue||Vol 2 (2009)|
|Informed consent, Dental ethics, Dental education.|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|