Original Article

Media codes of ethics for health professionals and media professionals: a qualitative study


Media is an opportunity for health professionals; however, it is not free of threats. Fixing the threats requires professional systematization through developing practical guidelines, which brings us to the goal this study was designed to achieve.

The study was conducted qualitatively through literature review, semi-structured interviews, and a focus group discussion with health and media experts, as a result of which 486 codes were extracted and classified into 4 groups. The first group was addressed to media professionals and contained 126 codes in 5 categories: seeking and reporting the truth, harm minimization, integrity, independence, and respect for the rights of others. The second and third groups were addressed to health professionals, the former (150 codes) dealing with formal media, and the latter (190 codes) dealing with cyberspace. These groups were both categorized into 6 categories: scientific demeanor, beneficence, harm minimization,integrity, maintaining the dignity of the profession and professionals, and respect for the rights of others. The fourth group was addressed to the public audience and contained 20 codes categorized into 2 categories: ethics of belief, and ethics of (re-)publishing.

Since the study was conducted during the pandemic/infodemic, the proposed codes can help reduce possible conflicts in similar future situations.

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IssueVol 15 (2022) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/jmehm.v15i2.9036
Media ethics; Codes of ethics; Media professional; Health professional; COVID-19 pandemic.

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How to Cite
Kiasalar M, Shokrkhah Y, Nedjat S, Namazi H. Media codes of ethics for health professionals and media professionals: a qualitative study. J Med Ethics Hist Med. 2022;15.