Developing an ethical guideline for clinical teaching in Tehran University ofMedical Sciences

  • Akram Hashemi PhD candidate, Department of Medical Education, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Habibeh Yeketaz MD, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Fariba Asghari Associate professor,Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords: clinical teaching, ethical guideline, medical education


Clinical education is an essential part of medical trainees’ education process, and curriculum planners agree that it should bebased on ethical standards and principles in the medical field. Nevertheless, no explained and codified criteria have beendeveloped for ethics in clinical teaching. This study was aimed to develop an ethical guideline for medical students and teachersas the first and most important step in respecting patients' rights in educational centers.The initial draft included the codes of ethics in clinical education and was developed based on library studies. Subsequently, itwas improved through a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and focus group sessions with medical students,patients, and medical teachers in educational hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The improved draftwas reviewed and validated by a medical expert panel to prepare the final draft.The codes derived from this study included patients’ choices and rights in purely educational procedures, and specialconsiderations for a) obtaining informed consent for educational procedures; b) performing procedures on deceased persons,patients under anesthesia and those lacking decision making capacity; c) educational visual recordings of the patients; and d)safety monitoring in clinical education.The guideline developed in this study incorporates codes of ethics into clinical training. Therefore, in addition to providingefficient education, the interests of patients and their rights are respected, and the ethical sensitivity of learners in primacy ofpatients’ best interests will be preserved and enhanced.
How to Cite
Hashemi A, Yeketaz H, Asghari F. Developing an ethical guideline for clinical teaching in Tehran University ofMedical Sciences. J Med Ethics Hist Med. 8.
Original Article(s)