Islamic jurisprudential and ethical considerations of practicing medical procedures on nearly dead patients: Part II (Shiite jurisprudents’ viewpoints)

  • Nazafarin Ghasemzadeh PhD Candidate in Medical Ethics, Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Fariba Asghari Associate Professor, Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mandana Shirazi Associate Professor, Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Fatemeh Faramarzi Razini Mentor, Department of Jurisprudence and Islamic Law, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
  • Bagher Larijani Professor, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran, Iran; Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords:
Medical training, Dying patient, Opinions of contemporary Shiite jurisprudents, Islamic jurisprudential rules

Abstract


Part one of the present study presented practical Islamic jurisprudential rules and investigated their application to performing medical procedures on nearly dead patients. It was contended that a dying patient could be used in medical education in cases where there is no alternative method, provided the patient voluntarily consents and is not offended. Part two of the present study addresses the issue by referring to the opinions of Islamic jurisprudents to find an appropriate solution to a challenging question in medicine, namely, whether clinical training of medical students on the dying person is permissible. For this purpose, istiftas (petitions or requests for a fatwa) were sent to prominent contemporary Shiite jurisprudents to solicit their opinions on the use of dying patients for medical education. After exploring the existing views, it was finally concluded that the majority of the jurisprudents allowed the practice in cases of “necessity” and provided that the principles of “no harm” and “consent” were strictly observed. All these terms are found in jurisprudential rules, and we reached the conclusion that Shiite jurisprudents considered this type of training permissible under certain circumstances and in accordance with jurisprudential rules.

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Published
2018-12-25
How to Cite
1.
Ghasemzadeh N, Asghari F, Shirazi M, Faramarzi Razini F, Larijani B. Islamic jurisprudential and ethical considerations of practicing medical procedures on nearly dead patients: Part II (Shiite jurisprudents’ viewpoints). J Med Ethics Hist Med. 11.
Section
Original Article(s)