Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 2017. 10(0):.

Evaluation of pediatric residents’ attitudes toward ethical conflict: a cross-sectional study in Tehran, Iran
Maliheh Kadivar, Marjan Mardani - Hamooleh, Shiva Shayestefar

Abstract


Ethical conflicts are recognized as critical aspects in assessing competence in clinical communication. Moreover, pediatrics residents may face more problems, compared to other disciplines; due to the specific characteristics of the age group receiving services as well as the presence of their families. This study has been conducted with the aim of determining the attitude and perspective of pediatric residents toward ethical conflicts in the field of pediatrics. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out on all residents of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (90 residents), selected through census method, in 2014. The data collection tool was a 32-item research-based questionnaire. Its validity and reliability were confirmed by the researchers and the medical faculty members. To analyze data, descriptive and inferential statistics were used. However, based on the results, lack of an advanced directive and written procedure for withdrawing life-sustaining treatment of an incompetent or critically-ill child (4.38 ± 0.80), lack of provision of sufficient information on obtaining informed consent (4.12 ± 1.10), and the absence of a legal written process for doing not resuscitate (DNR) orders (3.98 ± 0.95) were the most salient causes of ethical conflicts in pediatrics. Furthermore, in accordance with the linear regression analysis of demographic characteristics, there was a significant relationship (P = 0.04, r = 0.046) between residents’ year of education and attitude toward ethical conflict; however, this relationship was not observed in other demographic characteristics. Taking the priorities of ethical conflicts in pediatrics into account may help improve the designing of medical ethics education programs in hospitals for residents, thereby reducing the conflicts related to the issues of medical ethics.

Keywords


Children, Education, Ethical conflict, Pediatrics, Resident

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