Perception of professional ethics by Iranian occupational therapists working with children

  • Minoo Kalantari PhD Candidate in Occupational Therapy, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohammad Kamali Associate Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Management, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Soodabeh Joolaee Associate Professor, Center for Nursing Care Research, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, and Iranian Academy of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mehdi Rassafiani Associate Professor, Pediatric Neuro-rehabilitation Research Center, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Narges Shafarodi Assistant Professor, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Department of Occupational Therapy, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Keywords: occupational therapy, professional ethics, children

Abstract

Ethics are related to the structure and culture of the society. In addition to specialized ethics for every profession, individualsalso hold their own personal beliefs and values. This study aimed to investigate Iranian occupational therapists’ perception ofethical practice when working with children. For this purpose, qualitative content analysis was used and semi-structuredinterviews were conducted with ten occupational therapists in their convenient place and time. Each interview was transcribedand double-checked by the research team. Units of meaning were extracted from each transcription and then coded andcategorized accordingly.The main categories of ethical practice when working with children included personal attributes, responsibility toward clients,and professional responsibility. Personal attributes included four subcategories: veracity, altruism, empathy, and competence.Responsibility toward clients consisted of six subcategories: equality, autonomy, respect for clients, confidentiality,beneficence, and non-maleficence. Professional responsibility included three subcategories: fidelity, development ofprofessional knowledge, and promotion and growth of the profession. Findings of this study indicated that in Iran, occupationaltherapists’ perception of autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, fidelity and competence is different from Western countries,which may be due to a lower knowledge of ethics and other factors such as culture. The results of this study may be used todevelop ethical codes for Iranian occupational therapists both during training and on the job.
Published
2016-02-28
How to Cite
1.
Kalantari M, Kamali M, Joolaee S, Rassafiani M, Shafarodi N. Perception of professional ethics by Iranian occupational therapists working with children. jmehm. 8.
Section
Original Article(s)