Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 2015. 8(0):.

Perception of professional ethics by Iranian occupational therapists working with children
Minoo Kalantari, Mohammad Kamali, Soodabeh Joolaee, Mehdi Rassafiani, Narges Shafarodi


Ethics are related to the structure and culture of the society. In addition to specialized ethics for every profession, individuals

also hold their own personal beliefs and values. This study aimed to investigate Iranian occupational therapists’ perception of

ethical practice when working with children. For this purpose, qualitative content analysis was used and semi-structured

interviews were conducted with ten occupational therapists in their convenient place and time. Each interview was transcribed

and double-checked by the research team. Units of meaning were extracted from each transcription and then coded and

categorized accordingly.

The main categories of ethical practice when working with children included personal attributes, responsibility toward clients,

and professional responsibility. Personal attributes included four subcategories: veracity, altruism, empathy, and competence.

Responsibility toward clients consisted of six subcategories: equality, autonomy, respect for clients, confidentiality,

beneficence, and non-maleficence. Professional responsibility included three subcategories: fidelity, development of

professional knowledge, and promotion and growth of the profession. Findings of this study indicated that in Iran, occupational

therapists’ perception of autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, fidelity and competence is different from Western countries,

which may be due to a lower knowledge of ethics and other factors such as culture. The results of this study may be used to

develop ethical codes for Iranian occupational therapists both during training and on the job.


occupational therapy, professional ethics, children

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